According to the Bible, King David reigned over a large territory and his son Solomon over an even larger one. After the death of King Solomon, the kingdom was divided in two. The southern kingdom consisted only of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin and thus became the kingdom of Judah, with Jerusalem as its capital. The northern kingdom consisted of the remaining tribes and was called Israel.
The kingdom of Israel was larger in size and controlled more significant trade routes than did Judah. Territorial boundaries expanded and contracted over time as Israel and Judah engaged in conflict with one another and their neighbors.
Evidence from outside the Bible suggests that Israel was more powerful than Judah. However, Israel was the more ephemeral kingdom of the two. Israel was destroyed by the Assyrians in B. But Judah's escape from imperial domination would be brief.
Jerusalem eventually fell to the Babylonian Empire and was destroyed in B. Produced by RiddleMaps.
The dispersal of certain archaeological artifacts helps identify the borders of Judah and corroborates aspects of the biblical account. Briefly united under David and Solomon, Israel in the north and Judah in the south were separate kingdoms for centuries, indicating strong differences between the two. The Babylonian exile, the ascendance of Near Eastern Hellenism, and the formation of Christianity are each regarded as potential formative contexts for the emergence of Judaism.
Samaria, the wealthy capital city of the northern kingdom of Israel, has a long and rich history attested in both the biblical text and the archaeological record. The Samaria Ostraca are ancient Hebrew shipping records, written on potsherds and discovered among the remains of the Israelite capital of Samaria.
The story of Jeroboam and the sanctuaries at Dan and Bethel, as described in the book of Kings may tell us more about later religious struggles than about an actual reality. Archaeological evidence seems to confirm the existence of a shrine at Dan, but not necessarily at Bethel Betin.
Many scholars think the tel Dan inscription contains the earliest known epigraphic reference to the Davidic dynasty. People from the region of northern Mesopotamia that includes modern-day Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon. The kingdom consisting of the northern Israelites tribes, which existed separately from the southern kingdom of Judah. According to the Hebrew Bible, all the tribes were part of a unified kingdom under David and Solomon, but the northern kingdom under Jeroboam I rebelled after Solomon's death probably sometime in the late 10th century B.
The kingdom of Judah, according to the Hebrew Bible ruled by a king in the line of David from the 10th century B. Site HarperCollins Dictionary. Map Home Israel and Judah. Add this:.When did the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah go into captivity? Why did God send them out of the land he gave them? Where did they settle after leaving their captors? Long before being taken into captivity, Israel existed as a unified kingdom under Saul reigned from to B.
Soon after the death of Solomon, however, the Kingdom of Israel divided into two separate pieces with each possessing their own line of rulers. Ten of the tribes formed the Northern Kingdom also known as the Kingdom of Israel in the Bible with rulers descended from Jeroboam I reigned to B.
Two of the tribes Benjamin, Judahalong with the tribe of Levi the priests who served the templecreated the Southern Kingdom or Kingdom of Judah. Their rulers were the descendants of King David. Rehoboam to B. The start of the northern ten tribes Kingdom of Israel captivity and ultimate demise began during the reign of Tiglathpileser, king of Assyria, who ruled from to B. During Tiglathpileser's reign he came into the land of Israel and took the inhabitants of the tribes of Asher, Naphtali, Zebulun and Dan as captives.
He also conquered areas east of the Jordan River and took the tribes of Gad, Reuben, and part of the tribe of Manasseh into captivity 2Kingssee also 1Chronicles In B. Although He paid tribute money to the Assyrian Empire for a few years, he stopped doing so shortly after a new Assyrian ruler, King Shalmaneser V, assumed the throne in Shalmaneser, angry that no tribute was being paid, and finding out the Hoshea was secretly seeking a military alliance with Egypt, acted swiftly against Israel.
His activities would lead to the captivity of what remained of Hoshea's kingdom 2Kings Around B. Shalmaneser began to attack the Kingdom of Israel and its capital Samaria 2Kings In Samaria fell and with it Hoshea, along with most of the remaining people in the land, were taken into captivity verse 6. God allowed this to happen as punishment for the nation's many sins against him, sins which they refused to repent of 2Kings - Because of their sins, chief of which was idolatry, the Kingdom of Israel lasted only years.
Sadly, like her northern Israel counterpart, Judah's sins and refusal to obey God would be the ultimate cause of her captivity.
The Divided Kingdom of Northern Israel and Judah Map
God allowed the Babylonian empire to take Jerusalem in B. They pillaged the temple and took Judah's king, as well as many people including the prophets Daniel and Ezekiel, into captivity. They then made Zedekiah a puppet king over Judah in In the Babylonians laid siege to Judah and Jerusalem one last time, destroying the city and burning Jerusalem's temple to the ground. The history of the twelve tribes of Israel has been obscured by artificial gaps in their migratory history.
The first gap occurs with the fall of the Northern kingdom when they were taken into captivity. Historical accounts imply that the kingdom of Israel "suddenly disappeared" into Asia, or became "lost. The next artificial gap in the history of Israel occurs in the third century A. This idea is promoted even though there are records the Parthians fled northwest. Prior to the fall of the Parthian Empire A.
Evidence highly suggests these peoples were none other than Israelites who migrated into these regions after leaving captivity. Ask a Question! Did Israel keep the Sabbath in captivity?Bible History Online. Judea was part of the Hill Country though it contained four other regions, The coastal plain, the Shephelah lowlands near the coastthe Negev southlandand the wilderness.
The hill country was a rough stony land with deep ravines rising feet to the open plateau where Jerusalem sat.
The wilderness was a bleak barren region where the Judean mountains on the east side slope down feet to the earth's lowest land trench, the Dead Sea region, which was about feet below sea-level.
In New Testament times the Dead Sea Region was the area where, at Qumran, the Essene scribes had gathered or written the Dead Sea Scrolls and established a devout and separated community. In New Testament times the population of Judea was exclusively Jewish. Adorning the rocky plateau was the city of Jerusalem with the beautiful Temple of Herod not yet completed on Mount Zion. The rabbi's used to boldly say, "He who has not seen Jerusalem in its beauty has not seen a beautiful great city in his whole life, and he who has not seen the Second Temple has not seen a handsome building in his life.
On the west side of the Temple Mount stood the palace of Herod, and north of that was the fortress of Antonia with its garrison of Roman auxiliary troops.
It was there at the Antonia fortress that Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor had his residence. Luke - Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaeaand Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, Luke - And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaeaunto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; because he was of the house and lineage of David: 2 Corinthians - And to pass by you into Macedonia, and to come again out of Macedonia unto you, and of you to be brought on my way toward Judaea.
Acts - And they said unto him, We neither received letters out of Judaea concerning thee, neither any of the brethren that came shewed or spake any harm of thee. Matthew - But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee: Luke - And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; Acts - And Saul was consenting unto his death.
And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles.
Luke - And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaeaand Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was [present] to heal them.
Acts - Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied. Luke - There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaeaa certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife [was] of the daughters of Aaron, and her name [was] Elisabeth.
Matthew - Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, Mark - And he arose from thence, and cometh into the coasts of Judaea by the farther side of Jordan: and the people resort unto him again; and, as he was wont, he taught them again.Ancient Israel: Judah's Bible
Mark - But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, let him that readeth understand, then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains: Acts - But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaeaand in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. Acts - But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaeaand [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.
Acts - But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaeaand all [ye] that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: Acts - And when Herod had sought for him, and found him not, he examined the keepers, and commanded that [they] should be put to death. And he went down from Judaea to Caesarea, and [there] abode. Acts - Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaeaand Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Matthew - And there followed him great multitudes of people from Galilee, and [from] Decapolis, and [from] Jerusalem, and [from] Judaeaand [from] beyond Jordan.
Mark - And there went out unto him all the land of Judaeaand they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins. Luke - Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto.
John - When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judaea into Galilee, he went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death. Acts - That word, [I say], ye know, which was published throughout all Judaeaand began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; Acts - Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt in Judaea : Mark - But Jesus withdrew himself with his disciples to the sea: and a great multitude from Galilee followed him, and from JudaeaJohn - After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judaea ; and there he tarried with them, and baptized.Bible History Online.
After David and Solomon, the fame and fortunes of Israel went downhill. The nation rebelled against God and his laws. God might have destroyed Israel had He not promised to Abraham a redeemer and He still planned to use the house of David for this. When Solomon died a civil war broke out as Solomon's sons and generals fought for the throne. Rehoboam had his fathers blessing to be the new king, but Jeroboam had more military influence.
In the end, Rehoboam took the southern half of the country and called it "Judah". Jeroboam took the northern half and kept the name Israel. Each claimed to be God's chosen king.
GLOSSARY - Map of Old Testament Israel
The Northern Kingdom consisted of 10 of the tribes excluding Judah and Benjamin. It lasted for about years until it was destroyed by Assyria in BC.
Its capital was Samaria. Every king of Israel was evil. In the northern kingdom there were 9 dynasties family lines of kings and 19 kings in all.
An average of 11 years to a reign. The epitaph written over every one of its kings was: I King "and he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin by which he had made Israel to sin. And it came to pass, as though it had been a trivial thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took as wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians; and he went and served Baal and worshiped him.
Then he set up an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. And Ahab made a wooden image. Israel was carried away captive to Assyria in BC and disappeared from history. The Southern Kingdom consisted of 2 tribes Judah and Benjamin. The kingdom extended in the north as far as Bethel, while in the south it ended in the dry area known as the Negev. Its eastern and western boundaries were the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem was its capital and it lasted from about B.
Only 8 of Judah's kings served God. The rest of the 20 kings were wicked. In the southern kingdom there was only one dynasty, that of king David, except usurper Athaliah from the northern kingdom, who by marriage, broke into David's line, and interrupted the succession for 6 years, 20 kings in all. An average of about 16 years to a reign.
After Josiah there was no hope for Judah, the last 3 kings were all evil. The Babylonians swept down upon Jerusalem in BC and captured it. A second attack led to Jerusalem's second defeat in BC. Captives from both campaigns were taken to Babylonia to mark the captivity of the Southern Kingdom.After more than a century of slaverythe children of Israel are freed from Egyptian bondage by God using Moses and Aaron. It is such freedom that allowed the people to eventually form one, and then later two, kingdoms.
After the Exodus the twelve tribes of Israel are made to wander the wilderness for forty years as punishment for the sins they committed after leaving Egypt Deuteronomy Joshua leads a new generation, in B. Seven years later, in B. After taking possession, through warfareof their God-given inheritance in the Promised Landthe children of Israel were governed usually by individuals known as Judges. The Judges were God's response usually to his people crying out to be freed from those He allowed to oppress them because of their sins.
For example, because of their collective sins, God allowed the Midianites to oppress his chosen nation for seven years Judges It was only after the people cried out to God for help that He inspired and used Gideon to free them from Midianite oppression Judges 6 - 8.
After Israel was freed Gideon served as their Judge for forty years - B. Another well-known person God inspired to save his people was Samson. God, in response to the disobedience of Israel and Judah, allowed the Philistines to harass and oppress them for forty years Judges He then inspired and gave miraculous strength to Samson in order to free the people. Samson was a Judge for the last twenty years of his life - B. The time period of the Judges ran from to B.
Ask a Question! View larger image. Who wrote the Bible? Where did Samson get his strength?
How incredibly wealthy was King David? What is sowing seeds? What were Jesus' seven last words? What was Joshua's greatest military victory? What is the most accurate translation?They are getting them from the same press they say they do not trust. Into quality over quantity. Into the single story over collections of stories.
Into the subtle over the general. Larry Levitt, vice president for special initiatives at the Kaiser Family Foundation, said he's surprised by the variation in proposed changes but that on average, premiums are working out to about what he expected: hikes of 7 percent to 8 percent in most places.
In any event, all the people claiming that premiums are skyrocketing have been proven wrong, so they ought to stop claiming that now. They won't, of course, but if they were decent human beings they would.
Captivities of Israel and Judah Map
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